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Zam, Tamzhing Phala Choethpa Chamjug: Rehearsal Day [Wide shot]

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Zam, Tamzhing Phala Choethpa Chamjug: Rehearsal Day [Wide shot]

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Zam, Tamzhing Phala Choethpa Chamjug: Rehearsal Day [Wide shot]
Additional title: Practice without any distinguishing mask, which would determine it as Langzam, Throzam or Shazam
Core of Culture (Organization) (Producer)
Core of Culture (Organization) (Donor)

Bhutan Dance Project, Core of Culture

Dates / Origin
Date Created: 2005
Library locations
Jerome Robbins Dance Division
Shelf locator: *MGZIDF 698A
Dance -- Bhutan
Folk dancing -- Bhutan
Dance -- Religious aspects -- Buddhism
Rites & ceremonies -- Bhutan
Sword-dance -- Bhutan
Festivals -- Bhutan
Dzongs -- Bhutan -- Bumthang (District)
Bumthang (Bhutan : District)
Ritual and ceremonial dancing -- Bhutan
Filmed dance
Additional physical form: For close shot version, see: *MGZIDF 698B.
Source note: First day of rehearsal - used a slung camera because of small size of window.
Biographical/historical: Tamzhing Phala Choethpa means the Tamzhing Festival of the Boar or Pig. Five kms drive from the Jakar town lies the Tamshing Lungrub Chholing which means the Temple of the Good message. In 1501 Pema Lingpa established it and now is the most important Nyingma goemba in the Kingdom. It is believed that Pema Lingpa had built the goemba with the assistance from Khandroma (female celestial deities/angels). Inside there are original images painted by Pema Lingpa. On the east side of the inner court lies a small lhakhang called as Dunkur Lhakhang. The lhakhang has an unusual design with the main chapel in the center of the assemble hall, almost like a separate building. In the front lies three thrones for the three incarnations (body, mind & speech) of Terton Pema Lingpa.
Content: Tamzhing Phala Choethpa Festival (Sept. 12, 2005: Day One Rehearsal Day): Zam - Purification Dance with no distinguishing mask ; Phag Cham: Dance of the Boar ; Peling Jug Ging (Monks): Dance of the Ging with Batons ; Peling Ngacham: Peling Drum Dance (Laymen) ; Peling Nga Ging: Dance of the Ging with Drums (Monks).
Venue: Videotaped in rehearsal at the Tamzhing Lhakhang/Monastery (inner courtyard, 1st floor window overlooking dancers' entrance), in Bumthang, on Sept. 12, 2005.
Acquisition: Gift; Core of Culture. NN-PD
Physical Description
Born digital
Extent: 1 video file (ca. 10 min.) : sound, color
Zam - is a particular kind of dance - of which there are three examples demonstrated here at Tamzhing: Langzam - Bull headed mask Throzam - Wrathful Mask Shazam - Shawa (deer) mask See also Chung Zam performed at Yungdrung Choeling, Korphu - though with four dancers. Again it s performed early in the day - though there it follows Lhalungpai Shinjey Phomo. The dances are distinguished by the different masks. The steps of the dances - and the sections are the same. Each of these dances is performed with swords - Zam in Dzongkha and Tibetan means To cut (also in Chinese Za-Ma-To, horse-cutting Sword) and Japanese Zam-po cutting technique) - so there is a possibility that it is a cutting dance - which is always associated with purification.Tamzhing Phala Choethpa is held for three days each year from the 10-12th day of 8th Bhutanese month. A Chamjug or rehearsal day is held on the 9th day of the Lunar Month.
Type of Resource
Moving image
NYPL catalog ID (B-number): b19778364
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): 5643cf70-e378-0130-bd63-3c075448cc4b
Copyright Notice
Core of Culture
Rights Statement
This item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Item timeline of events

  • 2005: Created
  • 2013: Digitized
  • 2020: Found by you!
  • 2021

MLA Format

Jerome Robbins Dance Division, The New York Public Library. "Zam" The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 2005.

Chicago/Turabian Format

Jerome Robbins Dance Division, The New York Public Library. "Zam" New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed November 26, 2020.

APA Format

Jerome Robbins Dance Division, The New York Public Library. (2005). Zam Retrieved from

Wikipedia Citation

<ref name=NYPL>{{cite web | url= | title= (moving image) Zam, (2005)|author=Digital Collections, The New York Public Library |accessdate=November 26, 2020 |publisher=The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations}}</ref>