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Title
Kriegselephanten im Kampf mit Daciern und Sarmaten
Additional title: War elephants in battle with Dacians and Sarmatians
Names
Leutemann, H. (Heinrich), 1824-1905 (Artist)
Collection

Wonders: Images of the Ancient World

Warfare -- Ancient

Dates / Origin
Date Created: 1865
Library locations
The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection
Topics
Elephants
Howdahs
Armor -- To 499
Dacians -- To 499
Sarmatians -- To 499
Cavalry -- To 499
Archers -- To 499
Campaigns & battles -- To 499
Armies -- Macedonian -- To 499
Elephants -- War use -- History
Genres
Bilderbogen
Conjectural works
Notes
Source note: Münchener Bilderbogen, series. (Munich : Braun und Schneider, 1852-1898).
Physical Description
Wood engravings
Hand coloring
Extent: 21 x 30.5 cm.
Description
Macedonian war elephants are seen in battle against a Dacian and Sarmatian army. Macedonia is a region to the north of Greece, famous as the home of Alexander the Great. The Dacians lived in what is now Rumania, while the Sarmatians came from what is now eastern Poland and western Russia. During Alexander's march into India, he was impressed by the war elephants used by his opponents. When Alexander's empire was divided after his death, all of its new rulers used elephants in their armies. The picture shows a Macedonian army driving an enemy army into a river. On the Macedonian side, note the Indian drivers (mahouts) guiding the elephants, as well as the soldiers fighting from boxes (howdahs) on the animals' backs. On the Dacian/Sarmatian side, the totally-armored cavalrymen and horses were called "cataphracts". (Note that the artist has even given the horses armor-covered tails.) Ancient generals knew that horses feared the sight and smell of elephants.
Type of Resource
Still image
Identifiers
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): 176da1c0-c5c0-012f-1b51-58d385a7bc34
Rights Statement
The New York Public Library believes that this item is in the public domain under the laws of the United States, but did not make a determination as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. This item may not be in the public domain under the laws of other countries. Though not required, if you want to credit us as the source, please use the following statement, "From The New York Public Library," and provide a link back to the item on our Digital Collections site. Doing so helps us track how our collection is used and helps justify freely releasing even more content in the future.

Item timeline of events

  • 1824: Creator Born
  • 1865: Created
  • 1905: Creator Died
  • 2020: Digitized
  • 2020: Found by you!
  • 2021

MLA Format

The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. "Kriegselephanten im Kampf mit Daciern und Sarmaten" The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1865. http://digital.gallery.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-4743-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

Chicago/Turabian Format

The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. "Kriegselephanten im Kampf mit Daciern und Sarmaten" New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed August 4, 2020. http://digital.gallery.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-4743-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

APA Format

The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. (1865). Kriegselephanten im Kampf mit Daciern und Sarmaten Retrieved from http://digital.gallery.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-4743-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

Wikipedia Citation

<ref name=NYPL>{{cite web | url=http://digital.gallery.nypl.org/items/510d47e4-4743-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99 | title= (still image) Kriegselephanten im Kampf mit Daciern und Sarmaten, (1865)|author=Digital Collections, The New York Public Library |accessdate=August 4, 2020 |publisher=The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations}}</ref>

Kriegselephanten im Kampf mit Daciern und Sarmaten