The habitations of the Sentient Beings according to the Burmese. Buddhist Cosmogony.
NamesTemple, Richard Carnac, Sir, 1850-1931 (Writer of accompanying material)Griggs, William, 1832-1911 (Printer of plates)
The thirty-seven nats, a phase of spirit-worship prevailing in Burma, by Sir R. C. Temple. With full-page and other illustrations.
Dates / OriginDate Issued: 1906Place: LondonPublisher: W. Griggs, chromo-lithographer to the king.
Library locationsGeneral Research DivisionShelf locator: *OY+ (Temple, R.C. Thirty-seven nats) (Locked Cage)
TopicsReligion -- BurmaBuddhist cosmogonyHeavenEarth
NotesContent: "The accompanuing illustration shows how the Burmese imagine that the Earth and Heavens are inhabited. Below the earth are the four infernal regions. In the centre of the earth rises Mount Méru (Myinmó) with its ruby feet and its faces - ruby to the south, gold to the east, and silver to the west. At the foot of Mount Méru lies the habitation of mankind. High on the Mount, three-fourths the way up, above the abode of the balús, nagás, galóns and other imaginary creatures, lies the Heaven of the Four Great Kings, Zatumahárit. At the summit lies Táwadénthá, the Heaven of the Thirty-three, whose ruler is Thagyá Nat. Immediately above it in space lies Yámabón, the Land of Yama, the Restrainer; then Túthitá, so often visited by Buddha while on earth; then Némmanayadí, ruled over by Mán Nat (Mára, the Evil Principle), whose merits in former lives were so great that all the evil he does cannot bring him down lower; and next Wutháwadí, the highest heaven occupied by generating beings. Above these come the sixteen abodes of the Byammá Nats. The real angels of the Burmese, sentient beings who are corporeal but ungenerated. Above these again are the four abodes of the perfect or formless sentient beings, which are not depicted for obvious reasons. The names of all these abodes will be found accompanying the plate representing the Sentient Beings according to the Burmese. [Description on p. facing page 37].
Physical DescriptionChromolithographsExtent: 37.5 x 26.5 cm. (Coloured)
Type of ResourceStill image
IdentifiersNYPL catalog ID (B-number): b11610752Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): ec886ea0-c6df-012f-9742-3c075448cc4b
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