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Schwimmer-Lloyd collection

Collection History

Selected photographs of feminists and suffragists from the papers of Rosika Schwimmer, from the Schwimmer-Lloyd Collection. The Schwimmer-Lloyd collection consists chiefly of the correspondence and papers of Rosika Schwimmer (1877-1948), her colleague Lola Maverick Lloyd (1875-1944), and the papers of their associates in the European and American feminist, international peace, and world government movements.

The papers of Rosika Schwimmer document her career as a suffragist, feminist, pacifist, world government advocate and Hungarian diplomat, and also document the Supreme Court case of United States vs. Schwimmer. Schwimmer's papers, spanning 1888-1948, include her correspondence, professional writings, financial records, diaries, family papers, scrapbooks, photographs, printed materials, and books.


A large selection of the featured photographs pertain to the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA) Congresses, with a particular focus on the 1913 Budapest Congress. Aletta Jacobs, Anita Augspurg and Lida Gustava Heymann conceived the IWSA at the International Council of Women conference in 1899. In 1902, the IWSA had its first meeting in Washington, D.C., corresponding with the conference of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. The first congress of the IWSA was held in 1904 in Berlin, with a stated object to "secure enfranchisement for the women of all nations, and to unite the friends of woman suffrage throughout the world...."

The organization originally consisted of an alliance of national woman suffrage groups, from eight member, or "affiliate" countries, with an additional three countries represented by smaller, local groups. By the Budapest Congress of 1913, over which Carrie Chapman Catt presided as president, the IWSA counted twenty-five affiliates and added a twenty-sixth with the inclusion of China. It was also at this congress that an international IWSA headquarters were established at 7 Adam Street, Adelphi, London.

At the congresses, in addition to regular items of business and social entertainments, delegates from each national affiliate delivered reports on their suffrage efforts, and on other concerns such as militancy and white slavery. Supplementing the congresses held every two years, the organization produced its own publication in English and in French, Jus Suffragii, from 1906 to 1916. The organization continued these activities, in addition to operating as a clearinghouse on women's issues worldwide, until 1923. After this point the IWSA became the International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship.

Related Resources

NYPL. Carrie Chapman Catt Papers, 1887-1947. <>(PDF)

_____. Guide to the Campaign for World Government. Records of the New York office, 1917-1972 <>(PDF)

_____. Lola Maverick Lloyd Papers. <>(PDF)

_____. National American Woman Suffrage Association Records, 1894-1922. <>(PDF)

_____. Guide to the Schwimmer-Lloyd Collection. <>(PDF)

_____. Women's Studies Research Guide. <>

-- Laura Ruttum, Manuscripts Specialist; Amy DiPasquale, 4/11/07

Collection Data

The collection consists chiefly of correspondence and papers of Rosika Schwimmer (1877-1948), Lola Maverick Lloyd (1875-1944) and their associates relating to their work for the European and American feminist movements, woman suffrage, World War I mediation efforts, international peace and world government. Correspondents include hundreds of notable Americans and Europeans such as Jane Addams, Anita Augspurg, Emily G. Balch, Mary R. Beard, Carrie Chapman Catt, Albert Einstein, Lida Gustava Heymann, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Aletta Jacobs, Alice Paul, Anna Howard Shaw, Baroness Bertha von Suttner, and Count Michael Karolyi.
Dates / Origin
Date Created: 1890 - 1960
Library locations
Manuscripts and Archives Division
Shelf locator: MssCol 2703
Physical Description
Extent: 1650 linear feet (1361 boxes)
Type of Resource
NYPL catalog ID (B-number): b16081539
MSS Unit ID: 2703
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): 5e789350-c5dc-012f-1163-58d385a7bc34
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