Philip Schuyler papers

Collection Data

Description
Philip John Schuyler (1733-1804), a Revolutionary War general and statesman, was a prominent member of the landed aristocracy of New York State. The collection consists of correspondence, accounts, military records, land records, and other papers documenting Schuyler's military, political and business activities and, to a lesser extent, his family affairs. Correspondence, 1761-1804, is with military officers, members of the Continental Congress, committees of safety, and family, and concerns the conduct of the Revolutionary War in the Northern Department, 1775-1777, and political and personal matters. Indian papers, 1710-1797, contain Schuyler's papers as Commissioner of Indian Affairs in the Northern Department during the war and as agent of New York State. Canal papers, 1792-1803, include correspondence, diaries, reports, surveys, accounts, and other papers relating to the construction of canals in New York. His papers as Surveyor General of New York State, 1773-1788, and other public papers, circa 1775-1796, consist of correspondence, receipts, drafts of legislation and proposals, building plans, and other papers. Financial papers, 1711-1805, estate papers, 1752-1828, and land papers, 1705-1864, pertain to business activities and land holdings of Schuyler and family. Family papers, 1772-1851, contain correspondence and other papers of Schuyler family members. Military papers, 1775-1779, comprise Revolutionary War materials that were neither generated nor received directly by Schuyler.
Names
Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804 (Creator)
Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801 (Correspondent)
Bleecker, Barent, 1760-1840 (Correspondent)
Bradstreet, John, 1711-1774 (Correspondent)
Clinton, George, 1739-1812 (Correspondent)
Cochran, John, 1730-1807 (Correspondent)
De Zeng, Frederick Augustus, 1756-1838 (Correspondent)
Duane, James, 1733-1797 (Correspondent)
Eddy, Thomas, 1758-1827 (Correspondent)
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 (Correspondent)
Glen, Henry, 1739-1814 (Correspondent)
Jones, Samuel, 1734-1819 (Correspondent)
Loudon, Samuel, 1727?-1813 (Correspondent)
Montgomery, Richard, 1738-1775 (Correspondent)
Smith, William, 1728-1793 (Correspondent)
Varick, Richard, 1753-1831 (Correspondent)
Walton, Gerard (Correspondent)
Washington, George, 1732-1799 (Correspondent)
Dates / Origin
Date Created: 1705 - 1864
Library locations
Manuscripts and Archives Division
Shelf locator: MssCol 2701
Topics
Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804
Gansevoort family
Lansing family
Livingston family
Schuyler family
Van Rensselaer family
Yates family
Northern Inland Lock Navigation Company
Western Inland Lock Navigation Company
American loyalists
Canals -- New York (State)
Indians of North America -- New York (State)
Landowners -- New York (State)
Landowners
Soldiers
Statesmen
New York (State) -- Boundaries
New York (State) -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
New York (State) -- Real property
Saratoga County (N.Y.) -- History
United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
Genres
Accounts
Deeds
Diaries
Land surveys
Leases
Maps
Muster rolls
Payrolls
Returns (military reports)
Tax records
Correspondence
Notes
Biographical/historical: Philip John Schuyler (1733-1804) was a prominent member of the landed aristocracy of upstate New York. Born in Albany, Schuyler inherited extensive lands in the Saratoga Patent, through the Mohawk Valley, in Dutchess County, and along the Hudson River. He served in the British Army during the French and Indian War, rising to the rank of Major. His thirty year career in public office began in 1768 when he was elected to New York's colonial assembly. There he sided with those favoring increased independence from Great Britain. He was a delegate to the second Continental Congress and was made one of the four Major-Generals in the Continental Army under Washington. During the Revolutionary War he commanded the forces of the Northern Department, 1775-1777, until replaced by Horatio Gates. However, he remained in his post as Commissioner of Indian Affairs and was re-elected to the Continental Congress, 1778-1781. He served in the New York State Senate, 1780-1784 and 1786-1790, and became one of New York's first United States Senators, 1797-1798. Schuyler was also deeply involved in the commercial development of New York. He oversaw the construction of saw mills, gristmills, and New York's first flax mill, exported timber and other products of his estates via his Hudson River fleet, and took a leading role in the development of better transportation. As president and leading force in the creation and incorporation of the Northern Inland Lock Navigation Company and the Western Inland Lock Navigation Company, he constructed the canals that would form the basis of the Erie Canal system.
Content: The collection consists of correspondence, accounts, military records, land records, and other papers documenting Schuyler's military, political and business activities and, to a lesser extent, his family affairs. Correspondence, 1761-1804, is chiefly with military officers, members of the Continental Congress, and committees of safety concerning the conduct of the Revolutionary War in the Northern Department, 1775-1777. However, political, business, and family matters. Indian papers, 1710-1797, contain Schuyler's papers as Commissioner of Indian Affairs in the Northern Department during the war and as agent of New York State. Canal papers, 1792-1803, include correspondence, diaries, reports, surveys, accounts, and other papers relating to the construction of canals in New York. His papers as Surveyor General of New York State, 1773-1788, and other public papers, circa 1775-1796, consist of correspondence, receipts, drafts of legislation and proposals, building plans, and other papers. Financial papers, 1711-1805, estate papers, 1752-1828, and land papers, 1705-1864, pertain to business activities and land holdings of Schuyler and family. Family papers, 1772-1851, contain correspondence and other papers of Schuyler family members. Military papers, 1775-1779, comprise Revolutionary War materials that were neither generated nor received directly by Schuyler.
Funding: Digitization was made possible by a lead gift from The Polonsky Foundation.
Physical Description
Extent: 19.79 linear feet 55 boxes, 17 volumes, 15 oversized folders
Type of Resource
Text
Identifiers
NYPL catalog ID (B-number): b11985422
MSS Unit ID: 2701
Archives collections id: archives_collections_2701
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): 15f37480-3732-0134-8c08-00505686d14e
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