James F. Maury (1746-1840), merchant at Fredericksburg, Virginia, before and during the American Revolution, engaged in the tobacco trade between Liverpool, England, and the U.S. after the Revolution. He served as the first American consul at Liverpool. The collection consists of letters written by Maury during his consular service in England, mainly to his brothers and sisters in Virginia, regarding family matters, business affairs and his life in England. Other subjects include the economic effects of the Anglo-French wars and the seizure of American vessels. Some of the letters are addressed to various statesmen and business associates.