Harold Manchester Fleming (1900-1971) was an American financial writer and political economist. He went to the Soviet Union in 1922 as a field inspector for the American Relief Administration, established after World War I to combat hunger in war-torn Europe and worked for the Bureau of Education and as a reporter in Peking. During this time, he gathered and shipped home more than a hundred posters of the period, which arrived with the donation of his papers to the New York Public Library in the 1970s. On his return to the U.S., he was a securities analyst, stockbroker and statistician before becoming the Wall Street correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor. He wrote books and articles on banking, federal reserve policies, commodity markets, and other subjects related to business and political economy.
Collection contains Fleming's research notes, correspondence, typescripts, memoir, and posters. Bulk of the papers consists of notes for his writings on economics and finance. Correspondence, 1922-1924, concerns his activities in the Soviet Union, Peking and Shanghai; correspondence, 1950-1952, is with publishers about his books. Typescripts of books and articles include an incomplete work on antitrust legislation. Also, a memoir of his experiences in the Soviet Union, and Bolshevik and anti-Bolshevik posters which reflect the ideological warfare of the period 1917-1922. The posters contain examples by internationally-recognized graphic artists such as Dmitrii Moor (Orlov) (1883-1946), artist and poet Vladimir Maiakovskii (1893-1930) (who visited NYPL in 1928), and Viktor Deni (Denisov) (1893-1946).